U.S. Patent PP26,313
Southern Highbush Blueberry Variety
Arcadia produces high berry yields when grown in an evergreen management system. The peak of production in central and south-central Florida aligns well with the high-value market window. Plants survive well in the field and have a high tolerance to leaf diseases.
Cultivar name: Arcadia (selection code FL07-399)
Recommended for Florida: yes
FL region best adapted to: central and south-central Florida
Production system: evergreen
Hydrogen cyanamide: not recommended
Machine Harvestability: No data yet; spreading plant structure and less than ideal fruit firmness may not be best for machine harvesting.
Per plant yields (Density 1,452-1,742 plants/acre):
North-central FL (2018-2019): 10.6 – 12.3 lbs/plant, average 11.4 lbs/plant
Central FL (2013-2020): 8.6 – 9.6 lbs/plant, average 9.1 lbs/plant (reported by grower)
South FL (2020): average 6.8 lbs/plant (reported by grower)
Known disease susceptibility: susceptible to Ralstonia
Known insect damage susceptibility: none observed to date
Fruit quality data:
Fruit firmness: 169 – 205 g/mm, average 191 g/mm, similar to Emerald
Berry Weight: 2.1 – 2.9 grams, average 2.4 grams, similar to Emerald
Berry Diameter: 16.8 – 19.3 mm, average 17.9 mm, similar to Farthing and Kestrel
Brix: 9.8 – 12.3, average 11.3, similar to Emerald
Brix/Acid Ratio: 9.4 – 33.0, average 18.1, similar to Emerald
Fruit Scar: normal (small, dry), similar to Emerald
Wax/Bloom: medium, similar to Emerald
Fruit defects: none observed
Flavor Score: 21.6 – reference Emerald (19.9), Kestrel (29.0)
Cultivars with overlapping timing of flowering: Avanti, Chickadee, Emerald (with hydrogen cyanamide), Endura, Kestrel
Chill Requirement: Less than 200 hours (here is a Chill hour zonemap of Florida)
Other information: Large fruit size. Excellent leaf disease tolerance. Can have a very long harvest in the evergreen system.
License availability: For a list of current nursery licensees in the USA, click here
Fruit Quality and Yield
The following plots show the most important fruit quality traits and yield, across the season.
The vertical lines in the yield plots indicate when 10%, 50% and 90% of the harvest was achieved during the season.
Dotted lines indicate the desired values for new cultivars:
Berry weight greater than 2g
Fruit Diameter greater than 14mm
Firmness higher than 150g/mm
Brix higher than 10%
TTA less than 1%
Brix/TTA higher than 14 units
Warning: Yield plot coming from harvesting of two bushes. Values may seem overestimated as all the fruit from the bush is harvested, and because this is harvest yield and no packed yield. Use this data to compare among cultivars and no to predict potential yield on your farm.
Measurements are in grams (g). To convert from grams to pounds (lb) use the following formula:
lb of fruit per bush = (g of fruit) x (0.002204)